Will 2020 be the biodiversity super year?

Will 2020 be the biodiversity super year?

Will 2020 be the biodiversity super year?

Hold on to your hats! 2020 is expected to be the biodiversity super year. After the release of the landmark Global Assessment Report on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services in May 2019, alarm bells rang louder across the world. Biodiversity loss is often overshadowed by climate change, despite its monumental impact on humans. However, the level of media coverage on the devastation of wildlife over the last year has substantially increased global awareness. Many individuals and organizations are now calling for solutions that address both the climate and biodiversity crises.

So why is 2020 expected to be biodiversity super year?

Well, the UN Convention on Biological Diversity is currently working on a Paris-style agreement for nature. This agreement is desperately needed as many countries failed to meet the biodiversity targets set in Aichi, Japan back in 2010. On January 13, they released a Zero Draft of the Post 2020 Global Biodiversity Framework. This 20-point plan calls for the protection of 30% of the planet, which Canada has committed to for 2030. It addresses the need to control invasive species and also reduce plastic and nutrient pollution by 2050, according to the Guardian, among other points. It also asks for transformative actions from all levels of government, local communities, civil society, and businesses and emphasizes the need to work with Indigenous Peoples and governments across the world.

Monarch butterfly perched on a person's white converse shoes
Photo by Nathan Dumlao on Unsplash

With a vision to “live in harmony with nature”, the plan intends to set the scene for the following long-term mission:

“by 2050, biodiversity is valued, conserved, restored and wisely used, maintaining ecosystem services, sustaining a healthy planet and delivering benefits essential for all people.”

The zero draft is expected to be adopted by governments across the world in October 2020 in Kunming, China. However, there are many events and working groups that will take place before this landmark summit. Check out the UN Environment Programme’s interactive 2020 Biodiversity Strategic Planning timeline.